JoAnna Lou participates in agility, rally obedience and therapy work with her Shetland Sheepdogs. She supports her canine hobby with a career in professional training and development at a New York financial firm. JoAnna has a diverse background working with animals that includes researching birds at the Bronx Zoo and helping a friend run a rat rescue group (yes, rats!). Her writing has appeared in The Bark, DogSport, New York Tails and New York Resident.

The ARK at JFK
NYC airport is adding a terminal for traveling creatures.
A pet relief area at JFK International Airport.

Earlier this week I was at JFK International Airport and took a peek at one of the pet relief areas. It's a small, but well maintained, area for dogs to take a potty break before catching their flight. Many airports now have these relief spots, thanks in part to accommodating service dogs.

However, animals traveling in and out of the New York City airport will soon have a brand new terminal just for them. Construction has started on a 178,000-square-foot building, dubbed The ARK at JFK, which will feature an overnight pet resort, a 24-hour animal hospital, an aviary, and a climate controlled arrivals area, complete with horse stalls and 14.5 acre grounds.

It's projected that 70,000 animals will go through the ARK each year, including companion pets, zoo animals, livestock, and race horses. The terminal, which is scheduled to open next year, will be the first USDA-approved, 24-hour, privately owned airport quarantine operation. Architecture firms specializing in equine and livestock design are collaborating with Cornell University's College of Veterinary Medicine and the U.S. Department of Agriculture to design the state-of-the-art facility.

The ARK is primarily for animals in cargo, and won't have much impact on the average person flying with their pet, but it will be nice to have the boarding facility and animal hospital on premise. This facility also shows how airports are starting to cater to the growing number of traveling animals. I'd love to see elements of the design incorporated into other airports and into areas specifically for the average consumer.

What pet-friendly feature would you like to see incorporated into your local airport?

Dogs Shed Light on Migration Patterns
Scientists use canine remains to learn more about humans.

We've benefited in many ways from our relationship with dogs. Studying canines has led to everything from new medical advancements to behavioral insights. Now scientists are using dogs to understand human migration patterns around the world.

According to University of Illinois biologist Kelsey Witt, canines were one of the earliest organisms to have migrated with humans to every continent. This special relationship makes them a valuable research tool.

The school recently embarked on the largest genetic analysis to date of ancient dogs in the Americas, shedding light on both canine and human history. In the study, researchers compared DNA from ancient canine remains to those from previous collections. The findings suggested that dogs may have arrived in the Americas thousands of years after the first wave of people came from Asia (the period also coincides with the earliest known dog burial in the Americas). Based on the canine DNA, researchers also hypothesize that the first two major human migrations came from two different source populations.

In the study, scientists focused specifically on DNA from the cell mitochondria. Since it's inherited maternally, it shows an unbroken line of ancestry, as opposed to looking at chromosomes which can exchange genes between the maternal and paternal pair. This has allowed them to uncover breeding patterns, genetic diversity, and roles (ancient dogs were used for a wide range of jobs—hunting assistants, herders, haulers, companions, and even food).

While it may seem counterproductive to use dogs to study our migration patterns, scientists don't always have access to human remains since genetic analysis is destructive (understandably people don't want their loved ones' remains touched). This is why they often use ancient dog remains for their research. The scientists hope to continue their work and learn even more about patterns of human migration into the New World.

Smartphone for Dogs
New collar lets you 'video chat' with your pup.

These days it seems like everyone has a smartphone, even toddlers can be regularly seen playing with the expensive devices. So it was only a matter of time before the technology reached our pets too.

This week at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas, Motorola unveiled the Scout 5000, a collar which is being billed as a smartphone for dogs. While there are other GPS-enabled collars, the Scout 5000 adds Wi-Fi connectivity, a wide-angle video camera, and a speaker/microphone. In addition to being able to track your pet with GPS and geofencing, you can watch a live video stream and talk to your pup remotely. So theoretically, while you're at work, you could see your dog jumping on the couch and have the ability to tell him to get off.

I think that the voice capability will end up being more novelty than practical. Dogs will quickly learn that you can't enforce anything when your voice is coming from the collar. And trying to calm an anxious pet through the device might confuse them even more.

Also, I've tried talking to my dogs over Skype and they don't seem to recognize my virtual voice. My theory is that they know who is in the room and will zone out other voices (perhaps learned from ignoring meaningless voices on television and radio). But maybe it's just my crew. It would be really interesting to see what they're up to all day (although as one guy who filmed his pup on a GoPro found, you may never want to leave your pets again!).

The Scout 5000 will be available in June and includes one year of 3G service. It's a bit bulky, so only larger dogs will be sporting this version.

Would you get a high tech collar for your pup?

Dog Photos for Anthony
Facebook page collects over 500,000 pet pictures to lift a boy's spirits.
A photo posted by Filicia May of her two dogs,  Jase and Remy.

16-year old Anthony Lyons loves his dogs, but is forced to leave them behind when he checks into the Phoenix Children's Hospital once a month for chemotherapy treatments. It's a grueling week long ordeal and the only thing that puts a smile on Anthony's face is the visits from the hospital's therapy dogs. But unfortunately they can't come every day.

So Roberta Lucero-Koron, a family friend, began a Facebook page called "Photo Doggies for Anthony" where pets around the world could make a "virtual visit" to the hospital. As of Monday, over 500,000 photos of dogs from as far as Dubai have been posted (plus some cats, pot-bellied pigs, and lizards). Many are accompanied by a short description of the pup's personality and favorite things, so that Anthony can feel like he's really met the dogs.

The original Facebook page was taken down yesterday because someone posted an inappropriate photo, but Roberta created a new page this morning and hopes they'll get to 500,000 again soon. Judging by how many pictures have already been added this morning, it looks like they're well on their way!

Anthony was first diagnosed with a treatable type of leukemia in July and will continue to have monthly chemotherapy treatments over the next three years. It's going to be a long road, but this is a great way to use social media to bring the canine community together to lift Anthony's spirits, one photo at a time.

Wagging Tails at Check-in
A North Carolina hotel hosts adoptable dogs.

If you miss your dogs while on vacation, you'll love the Aloft hotel in Asheville, North Carolina--but you may need to make room for an extra passenger on the way home! In July, the lodging chain's downtown location teamed up with Charlie's Angels Animal Rescue to host a dog until a forever home could be found.

Since then, guests have been welcomed by an adoptable canine when they come to stay. The dog is always on leash or in an exercise pen as to not overwhelm anyone at check-in. The pups can't stay in guest rooms, but they can accompany visitors to the restaurant, bar, and other public areas.

People come to Asheville for the Great Smoky Mountains, the craft beer scene, or the artsy culture, but now some are heading home with a new furry family member. Jan Trantham and her husband, from Atlanta, Georiga, fell in love with a 2-year old Shih Tzu named Jackson at check-in. Each day they set out to sightsee, but found themselves wanting to go back to see Jackson, and eventually adopted him.

Since the program launched five months ago, 14 dogs have been adopted and the hotel has received plenty of positive feedback from guests. Aloft and Charlie's Angels hope to expand the collaboration to other hotels within the chain. Aloft has always been pet friendly, allowing dogs to stay for free, so adding the program felt natural.

Adoptions have even extended beyond hotel guests. Caren Ferris of Amherst, Mass. and her husband were staying nearby, but met Ginger, a 4-year old Terrier mix, at the hotel bar. Next thing they knew, the Ferris' were calling the shelter and filling out adoption papers.

The program has had many benefits. The dogs get to live outside of the shelter and socialize with many different people. And guests missing their own pets  can get their dog fix, and maybe even meet a new addition. The pups also encourage guests to mingle since they make such good conversation starters.

A win for both people and puppies!

New Years Resolutions with Your Dog
Including pets in your 2015 goals.

According to a study conducted by the University of Scranton, less than half of people who make a New Years resolution still practice it six months later. And only eight percent actually achieve their goal. There are many best practices for increasing the chances you'll stick with your plan, such as making the resolution specific (saying that you'll go to the gym three times a week instead of vaguely saying you'll work out more), being realistic about what you can achieve, and holding yourself accountable (telling someone or posting updates to a social media site). Involving a friend is also helpful, and that doesn't just include human buddies.

For the past few months, I've been training for a half marathon in January, but after the race is over I know my motivation to keep exercising regularly will quickly wane. So this year my goal is to do something active twice a week--with my Border Collie, Scuttle. It's a specific resolution with some built-in flexibility (the activity could be agility, hiking, running, or even kayaking). I didn't pick it for this reason, but the resolution should actually get easier around the six month mark, as the weather gets warmer and there are more activity options for us to do together (convenient!).

Here are some other ideas as you think about including your dog in this year's goal:

  • Make television time more productive by adding some dog training (shape a new behavior during commercial breaks)
  • Try four new things this year that include your pup
  • Meet new friends (join a dog-related Meetup group or pet dating site)
  • Cook or bake more (make a recipe that both you and your pup can enjoy!)

Will you incorporate your dog into this year's resolution? 

Holiday Treats for Forgotten Pups
A shelter volunteer makes sure homeless dogs are spoiled for Christmas.

Holiday pet treats and toys have become a big business in recent years as we spoil our furry kids. But what about the dogs left behind at shelters? For most homeless pups, Christmas is just another day in a lonely kennel. But many shelters are trying to change that, making the holidays special for forgotten pets.

Many of my local shelters hold special fundraisers and food drives this time of year, and one even hangs stockings for each animal. Other rescue organizations arrange for temporary foster homes, giving dogs a respite from kennel life for the holidays. But I was touched to read about dedicated shelter volunteer Claire Nash, who has been cooking Christmas dinner each year for the pups at Cardiff Dogs Home in the U.K.

Claire believes that everyone deserves to be spoiled during the holidays, even dogs, and uses her own money to prepare the meals. The menu includes chicken off the bone and fresh vegetables. According to shelter manager Maria Baille, the dogs earn their feast with a good, long walk. Sounds like a lovely holiday treat for these rescue pups!

Does your local shelter do anything special for the animals around the holidays?

From Shelter Pup to Movie Star
Annie's canine lead showcases the potential of rescue dogs.

Last week the modern adaptation of the classic film, Annie, opened starring a cute and talented Golden Retriever/Chow mix named Marti as Sandy. One thing that I love about canine actors is that many of them are adopted from animal shelters, showcasing the potential of these often forgotten pups.

Animal trainer Bill Berloni has trained many Sandys over the years, all from local shelters. The original Broadway Sandy was cast from the Connecticut Humane Society, hours before the pup was slated to be euthanized. For the new film, director Will Gluck wanted the the canine lead to look different from past iterations. The original Sandys were intentionally a bit sad looking, but Will wanted the modern character to come off as smart and heroic.

When people think of Sandy, they think of a shaggy dog. But Marti, named in honor of Martin Charnin, the lyricist and director of the original Broadway production, is closer in appearance to the bright orange pup with pointy ears from the Chicago Tribune comic strip that inspired the play.

Marti came to the Adopt-a-Dog shelter in Armonk, N.Y. last year with four other rescue dogs from Georgia. She was there for five months before Bill came in to look at prospects for the Annie movie. He visited Marti several times to evaluate her potential before deciding that the six year old pup was the one for the job.

Bill says that shelter dogs blossom when given love and a purpose, and that their rough past makes them especially motivated and appreciative to work with his team. He uses positive reinforcement to train all of the acting skills and never forces the dogs to do anything.

Marti and her human counterpart, Annie star Quvenzhané Wallis, instantly bonded as soon as they met. Quvenzhané is a huge dog lover and has said she'd like to be a veterinarian one day, so she couldn't wait to work with Marti. Now that filming is over, the two of them still meet up in New York City when Quvenzhané is in town.

I wonder if Marti's former family will recognize her on the big screen!

3D Printed Prosthetics Allow Dog to Run
Collaboration opens a new world for a South Carolina pup.

Earlier this year I wrote about TurboRoo, an adorable Chihuahua who received a 3D printed dog cart to help him get around. Dog carts have been the norm for lucky disabled pups, but it makes it hard to really run and play with other dogs. Canine prosthetic legs are more expensive and can take a long time to get the right fit.

But that all could change starting with a special pup named Derby, the first animal to be successfully fitted with 3D printed prosthetics. A few months ago, Tara Anderson, an employee at South Carolina based 3D printing company 3DS, started fostering the Husky mix born with two deformed front legs. She initially fitted Derby with a dog cart, but after it limited his mobility she enlisted a few of her colleagues to help make Derby prosthetic legs with their 3D technology. They were all on board, but none of them knew anything about designing prosthetics.

So Tara reached out to Derrick Campana, founder of Animal Ortho Care in Virginia, one of the first companies to make orthotics and prosthetics specifically for animals. Derrick had been wanting to incorporate 3D printing into his business because not all of the materials and tools that work for making human prosthetics are 100 percent compatible with animals. For example, the technology used to scan a person's leg is not so accurate when scanning a furry leg.

So while Derrick still had to mold a custom fiberglass cast, 3D printing brought speed and flexibility to the project. "The beauty of 3D printing is that if the design needs to be adjusted, we don't have to wait for time-consuming and expensive traditional manufacturing processes, we can simply print out a new set," said 3DS vice president Buddy Byrum. The new technology allowed them to create complete prosthetics printed in a single, custom-fit build.

Derby did have to learn how to use the prosthetics, with the help of his veterinarian and physical therapist, but now the energetic pup runs two to three miles a day with his adoptive parents.

Derrick plans to continue collaborating with 3DS to further advance the field of animal prosthetics and hopes to one day be able to directly scan canine legs to make the process even more efficient.

It takes a lot of work to successfully fit a dog with prosthetics, but seeing Derby's happy face certainly makes it all worth it.

Banning Canine Tattoos and Piercings
NYS law protects pets against unnecessary aesthetic procedures.

Earlier this year, Brooklyn tattoo artist Mistah Metro ruffled feathers in the animal community when he posted a photo of his tattooed dog on Instagram. Mistah inked the pup while she was under anesthesia for a spleen removal. At the time it wasn't illegal, just ethically questionable. After all, the dog was subjected to an unnecessary and permanent procedure.

While Mista's pup couldn't be spared the skin decoration, other pets in New York will be protected against similar aesthetic procedures in the future. Earlier this week Governor Cuomo signed legislation outlawing the tattooing or piercing of pets in the state of New York, calling it "common-sense legislation." The bill was introduced by Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal in 2011, after she read about a Pennsylvania woman selling "Gothic kittens" with piercings on their necks, ears, and spines. Mistah's canine tattoo gave Linda's legislation the momentum it needed to finally become a law.

Linda has been a longtime advocate for animals in the state legislature, believing pets need protection from careless owners. She's drafted other legislation giving judges the power to issue orders of protection to pets, limiting the testing of cosmetics on animals, and giving cities the ability to shut down puppy mills.

The tattoo and piercing law will go into effect in four months. Violators will face up to $250 in fines and up to 15 days in jail. Ear tags on rabbits and tattoos for identification purposes will be excluded from the law, as well as piercings that provide a medical benefit and are performed under the supervision of a veterinarian.

It certainly sounds like a bizarre law, but apparently a much needed one.