Dog's Life: Lifestyle
Their story uncovers the many challenges of having a service dog
UPDATE: Orlando will be staying with Cecil! Andrew Piera, a New Jersey businessman and dog lover, volunteered to pay for all of Orlando's expenses for the rest of his life. I've also heard that Orlando's puppy raiser is willing to adopt the Labrador if having two dogs in Orlando's apartment doesn't work out.
Cecil, who is still recovering at St. Luke's Hospital, urges those moved by his story to give directly to Guiding Dogs for the Blind, the organization that paired him with Orlando. "There are other people out there with disabilities and they need dogs, do if you can find it in your heart, you can send a donation to Guiding Eyes."
Yesterday Cecil Williams and his guide dog, Orlando, fell onto a New York City subway track just as a train was pulling into the station. The 61-year old man was on his way to a dentist appointment when he fainted on the platform. Orlando tried to hold Cecil back, but they both ended up going over onto the track.
Fellow passengers alerted the oncoming train, but the conductor couldn't immediately stop. Fortunately a transit worker instructed Cecil to lie down in the trough between the rails and miraculously both Cecil and Orlando survived even though they ended up under the train. Orlando stood by Cecil through the entire ordeal, even when both of their lives were in danger.
Cecil has been blind since 1995 and Orlando is his second guide dog. The Labrador will be 11 on January 5th and will be retiring soon. Cecil has said that he will be unable to keep Orlando once he retires because his health insurance will not cover the cost of a non-working dog. His story has brought up two interesting issues relating to service dogs--financing guide dog care and rehoming pups when they retire.
Fellow Bark writer and guide dog user, Beth Finke (who actually blogged years ago about her fear of navigating the subways), explains that although seeing eye dog schools cover the cost of the dog and training, the recipient is responsible for the the cost of ongoing care, such as food and veterinary bills. Health insurance doesn't cover these expenses, so Cecil may be referring to his social security disability, a fixed income which will not support two guide dogs.
Beth notes that "some people who'd like a guide dog opt to use a white cane instead because they know that they don't have the money to keep the dog fed and healthy."
After writing about the funding guide dog organizations require to provide trained dogs free of charge, I didn't realize that many people are still unable to afford one because of the ongoing care costs.
Steve Kuusisto, who also has a guide dog, says that in addition to financial limitations, not being able to keep Orlando may also have to do with Cecil's lifestyle. "For instance, if Cecil lives alone, leaving the retired guide dog alone while he goes out with the new one isn't so easy." I've also been told that since seeing eye dogs are generally raised alone, they may have trouble adjusting to living with a second dog, especially since they are used to working exclusively with their person.
Steve notes that guide dog schools have amazing resources for placing retired dogs with new families. However, it's not easy to give up an animal you have a very special relationship with.
When I first read about Cecil and Orlando, I couldn't believe that the two would be separated due to the Labrador's retirement. But this is the norm for service dogs and I can see how financial and lifestyle considerations would prevent people from keeping their past pups. However, it's heartbreaking to think about being separated from any one of my dogs, let alone one I relied on for my freedom.
If you're interested in helping Cecil, an indiegogo online fundraiser has been started to allow him to keep Orlando. The fund has already raised over $50,000.
Dog's Life: Lifestyle
Canine vanity plates
People tend to express what matters most to them on their license plates, so for many people, the choice is obvious—identify yourself as a dog lover to anyone who sees your car. It costs extra to have a personalized license plate, but it’s clear that for many of us, it’s worth the extra expense to be able to proclaim a love for dogs to the world.
With so few letters to work with, it’s pretty incredible how many dog-related vanity plates are out there. The space limitations do little to deter people from having plates with a dog theme. Among the ones I’ve seen or been alerted to by dog-loving friends and colleagues are the following:
Can you add others that you’ve seen or that you’d like to have?
News: Guest Posts
It’s that time of year when good doggy manners manner. Sophia Yin, DVM has these simple pointers for teaching how not to jump up on your guests, but how to be good hosts and greet them by sitting politely. Her techniques, like using high reinforcement rates, can be easily applied to other training essentials, like the “holy grail” of a solid recall. Give it a try! —Editor’s Note
Everyone knows that you should reward good behavior and ignore bad behaviors, right? So if your dog jumps on you, ignore the jumping and then reward with a treat when he sits, right? WRONG! This answer is wrong enough that if you're one of my interns and, after your first several sessions, you still think it’s right, you will not be an intern for much longer. Why? Because if this is the information you provide to clients, many will fail and turn to more punitive methods. The following are 5 essential tips for approaching problem behaviors such as jumping.
Tip 1: Don’t ignore the unwanted behavior. Remove the rewards for unwanted behavior instead. It turns out that if you ignore unwanted behavior, you may accidentally be rewarding it. You should instead remove rewards for unwanted behavior-which is very different. For instance, most clients complain that they are ignoring their dog when he jumps but they aren’t getting the results they want. They don't realize that the dog does not perceive their actions as removal of attention. Their hands are still dangling like tug toys or they are still walking around which makes them look interactive, see the video below. What owners should be told is to remove what their dog wants, attention in this case, within 0.5 seconds and do it in a way that the dog perceives that they have removed their attention. That may mean standing up completely straight and holding both arms folded against their body while they stand silent and stationary. Or it may just mean pulling their hands away and back to their body. If they remove their attention in a clear manner, they will see a quick and clear response from their dog.
Tip 2: Train the desired behavior first. It’s essential that the humans know to first train the good behavior—sitting politely—or it could take the dog forever to figure out what else will earn rewards besides jumping. A five or ten-minute training session where the dog earns 10-50 rewards is generally adequate.
Tip 3: Use a high reinforcement rate first. Then quickly and systematically reduce and vary the rate. Once the dog is sitting, the owners need to reward at a high reinforcement rate. Giving just one treat for sitting often won't hack it. The first treat you give is for sitting, but additional treats are for remaining seated so that Rover doesn’t just get up and try to jump again. At first, the treats should come rapidly—enough to keep Rover seated—but as soon as Rover is sitting stably at that treat interval, the interval should be increased and varied. This process should be repeated until Rover is sitting automatically and remaining stably seated. Then the focus should be on switching to other rewards such as petting and praise.
Tip 4: Use a flash lure to prevent Rover from getting the first jump in. If your dog tends to jump on you and then sit afterwards, you should change your strategy FAST so that you don't accidentally reward this chain of behaviors—jump then sit. You can add in what I call a flash lure before Rover has a chance to jump. As he’s running over to you but before he has a chance to jump (preferably when he’s about 2 steps away), suddenly flash a treat right to his nose level by just straightening your arm. This will cause him to stop will all four feet on the floor. When he's completely stationary, you can quickly bring the treat all the way back to your body and clearly out of his reach so he knows he doesn't get it yet. Once he sits, then he gets the treat.
Tip 5: Practice a lot in a short period of time. Because your goal is to develop a new greeting habit with your dog, it’s essential that you practice a lot over a short period of time. For instance, if you set up the situation where your dog is excited to see you five times a day and each time he earns 10-20 rewards and never has a chance to jump then by tomorrow he will probably be sitting automatically in this situation. By the end of the week, the good behavior should be a habit!
That's, of course, assuming that in between your practice sessions he didn't have a chance to get rewards for the opposite behavior!
These are some important subtleties that can help you get behavior changes quickly. It’s important to apply these principles to all training exercises to get the fastest progress.
Used with permission from Dr. Sophia Yin, visit her on drsophiayin.com
Dog's Life: Lifestyle
Personal preferences vary
I’m not proud to admit it, but once when we were fostering a puppy, frustration and lack of sleep led me to moan to my husband, “Whose bright idea was it to say yes to having a puppy in the house?” (The answer, obviously, was me.) The puppy who led me to complain was a four-month old field bred English Springer Spaniel who was active by any standards and who didn’t like to eliminate on leash, but was perfectly happy to do so in her crate. If she settled down to relax with something to chew on, it never lasted more than about two minutes. Sigh.
When she was just a few weeks older, we were not quite so mentally and physically exhausted and life improved for us. She was a delight in play and on outings of all kinds, and we had great fun training her because she was so enthusiastic about the process. She was also so adorable that it was impossible to take a bad photo of her. The cuteness of puppies goes a long way with me, but I can’t help feeling that it does not completely compensate for the challenges of puppyhood. I know many people disagree and love the puppy stage more than any other.
Adolescent dogs pose challenges to most guardians. During this developmental period, most dogs become more independent and less likely to stick close to you at all times. Without the adorable puppyness to protect them and without the calming influence of age, adolescent dogs are at risk of being too much trouble to guardians who were not prepared for a dog, and somehow failed to realize that all puppies do grow up. Adolescence is the age at which more dogs are surrendered to shelters or rescues than any other age.
Some rules and routines, lots of exercise and play, plus a good solid base of training (especially recalls) during puppyhood usually buffer people and their dogs from the worst that adolescence can bring. That makes it easier to love having a dog of this age. There’s the joy of new possibilities and activities, a minimum of health issues or related limitations and fun to be had in so many ways. Yes, even a well-trained dog at this stage of life is likely to respond to a known cue occasionally by looking at you with an expression that says, “Yeah, I heard you. I’m just not interested in doing that right now.” And yes, adolescence brings some unpredictability in behavior in almost all dogs, but many people enjoy this lively, exploratory phase.
Dogs in middle age are often the easiest to live with. From the age of about three years to six or seven years, dogs are typically in a lovely intermediate stage. They are active and willing to do just about anything, but often more flexible than when they were younger. If the morning walk gets postponed a couple of hours, they are less likely to react badly with pacing, whining, chewing, or other issues. (I say “less likely” because it can still happen, and some dogs are never tolerant of a lapse in activity or a change in schedules, no matter what their age.)
Many dogs in this age range have a good base of training, and can handle many situations. Training is a lifelong pursuit, but dogs of this age whose guardians have worked hard on training have usually mastered what they need to know by now.
It is often wonderful in many ways to have a middle-aged dog, but not everyone realizes their good fortune at the time. The appreciation often occurs when they acquire a younger dog who is full of vim and vigor. There’s nothing like such a dog to make people yearn for the easy keeper stage that had been taken for granted with the previous dog.
Old dogs are a special wonder, having outlived many of their peers. I love to meet those dogs who have 13, 14, 15 or more years behind them and marvel at their graceful aging. Sometimes old dogs can make me feel a little bit emotional as I see their bodies failing them. When they struggle to see or to stand up to greet me, or I see one chase a ball with a speed that’s more walking than running there’s a certain sadness to it, but it’s matched by a sweetness, too. Geriatric dogs are the lucky ones who have had full lives, though nobody could convince me that even a single dog has ever lived long enough.
It can be hard to have an older dog because they may need a lot of physically demanding, exhausting extra care, and expensive medical bills may be a drain on finances. Remembering them in earlier, more carefree or pain free times, perhaps as a mischievous puppy or a young adult with endless stamina hurts the heart. Still, there’s a special kind of love involved in caring for a dog to ease the way through the later part of life and even to the very last second of it. Though a dog’s golden years may be wonderful, many dogs need a little extra patience and care. Knowing that the time to say good-bye draws near reminds me of how precious the special moments together are. That can make the great love for a dog a little bigger even when you didn’t think there was any more love to be had.
Each age has its advantages, and I sometimes think I like whatever age the dog is. If forced to choose, though, I suppose I’m especially fond of the oldest of dogs. Which age do you like best?
Dog's Life: Lifestyle
8-year old Husky-Beagle mix limps to find help
Just before Thanksgiving, John Miles was out walking his 8-year old Husky-Beagle mix Lucy in the streets of Boston when they were both hit by a speeding car. John blacked out from the trauma, which included two broken legs, a broken arm, and 15 facial fractures. Lucy was also hurt, but managed to limp to a nearby dentist's office and bark for help. The pup then made her way back and stayed by John's side until rescuers arrived. Lucy braced herself against John's body and refused to budge, even as he was lifted into the ambulance.
John was not carrying his wallet, so first responders used Lucy's identification tags to get in contact with his family (an important reminder that we should always carry identification, even if we're just going outside for a quick walk around the block!).
Both John and Lucy will be in surgery this week for their injuries. In the meantime, Lucy has been staying with John's family while he's in the hospital. According to John's daughter, Caitlan, Lucy has been crying for John to come home. Thanks to Lucy's heoric act, the two will be reunited soon and on the mend!
Dog's Life: Lifestyle
Deputy LeAna Cudzilo is honored for her selfless rescue
Deputy LeAna Cudzilo was recently awarded Deputy of the Month by the Manatee County Sheriff's Department in Florida for saving a runaway pup from shark infested waters.
Back in August, a Coonhound mix named Fern was startled by the new invisible electric fence installed in her yard. The surprise shock caused her to run through the "barrier" and fall off of a nearby boat dock. The scared pup ended up in the ocean late at night, howling for help.
Fortunately Deputy LeAna arrived on the scene and quickly took control of the rescue. She asked the dog's family to get in a boat and help her get Fern back to shore. However, Fern was scared of the boat's motor, making it difficult to pull her to safety. LeAna also noticed people shark fishing on the pier, meaning the situation was worse than she originally thought. By now Fern was also starting to struggle to stay afloat as exhaustion set in. LeAna knew she had to take action fast. Ignoring the threat of sharks and fishing hooks in the dark ocean, LeAna removed her belt and vest and jumped into the 25 feet deep water and guided Fern back to safety.
According to Sheriff Brad Steube, the Department decided to honor LeAna for going beyond the call of duty and averting the tragic loss of a pet.
With so many negative incidents involving law enforcement and dogs recently, it's always great to hear a positive story. I'm also glad that Fern was reunited with her family and hope they will reconsider the invisible fence.
There are many reasons I don't like electric fences--the electric shock itself, the possibility of trapping pets in an area that other dangerous animals can enter, the fact that some dogs can run through the shock, etc. Fern's plight highlights how easily the product's flaws can end up in a tragic situation.
A wonderful pictorial story of a very unique animal rescue—amazing how the dogs took to this little baby squirrel.
Dog's Life: Lifestyle
Another way in which dogs are perfect
For most runners, finding training partners is a challenge because of many factors: social compatibility, scheduling issues, trail versus street preferences, tendency to be competitive. Additionally, and perhaps most limiting, they must run at close to the same pace.
Enter the dog, and voilà, problem solved! Dogs have the ability to run at a wide variety of paces. As long as they are healthy and free of any prohibitive medical issues, including injuries, most dogs can comfortably run at the pace of any human runner.
In my town of Flagstaff, Ariz., you can see that range of paces daily. On the most popular running routes, you’re bound to see slow folks with a dog trotting along side as well as professional elite runners zipping by in a serious hurry with their dogs, and everything in between. One of my running partners is a mixed breed named Marley, and he is happy at a lot of different speeds.
Here’s me running with Marley while we cool down at a very slow pace after our run.
And here’s my husband with Marley going at a much faster pace.
Marley is equally comfortable at either speed.
It’s true that sometimes dogs do better with faster runners and are more likely to pull or leap around with slower runners, but specifically training the dog to run nicely on leash at the slower pace is the key to enjoyable runs for both people and dogs. Also, there are occasionally intermediate paces that a dog struggles with simply because that pace is not quite right for any particular gait, but mostly, our dogs adjust to any pace.
As a bonus, the social and scheduling issues that face us with most humans are irrelevant. People enjoy running with their dogs, and suggesting a running outing and having our dog beg off because of being tired or because of another appointment isn’t going to happen. Dogs are the perfect any-pace running partners. As if we needed a reason to love them any more. . .
What is it about some cats and dogs when even the braviest of canines give ground to much smaller kitties protecting their patch—on the top of a staircase, near a doorway, a hallway or just about anywhere where a cat likes to guard? It's amazing how well dogs understand feline body language that cries out "you shall not pass." I guess if helps if have sharp claws with kung fu moves.
If you live with a multispecies family, who rules the roost in your household?
Dog's Life: Lifestyle
A judge to decide the fate of a pup caught up in a divorce
Shannon Louise Travis and Trisha Bridget Murray are getting a divorce, but there's only one thing they really care about--their Dachshund, Joey. The former couple is about to go to court over who gets to keep the 2-year old pup--New York's first matrimonial pet custody case.
Shannon and Trisha's ordeal is becoming more common as pets shfit in our culture to being true members of the family. New York City Justice Matthew Cooper summed up the predicament saying, "People who love their dogs almost always love them forever. But with divorce rates at record highs, the same cannot always be said for those who marry."
According to Judge Cooper, New York lags behind other states in the legal standing of pets. In a city with canine concierges and dedicated pet taxis, it's surprising that this hasn't come up before (there have been non-divorce custody cases). But Joey will not be treated like property. In the hearing, Judge Cooper will be looking to see who was responsible for Joey's needs and will ask questions similar to those used in child custody cases.
Judge Cooper will have a difficult decision to make as the outcome of this case will certainly influence future pet custody cases. But it sounds like they have the right person for the job.
Judge Cooper said, "If judicial resources can be devoted to such matters as which party gets to use the Escalade as opposed to the Ferrari, or who gets to stay in the Hamptons house instead of the Aspen chalet, there is certainly room to give real consideration to a case involving a treasured pet."
Judge Cooper is a dog lover himself and his 12-year old rescue, Peaches, gives him a special interest in making sure this case gets the attention it deserves.
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