DNA Testing for Breed Bans

NYC co-op tightens their pet policy in a questionable way.
By JoAnna Lou, June 2015, Updated July 2016

Unfortunately breed bans are popping up everywhere, from apartment buildings to entire cities. But one Manhattan luxury co-op is taking their restriction to the next level.

The Upper West Side building put a new rule in place that requires residents to prove that their pet is not one of the co-op's 27 banned breeds. Going forward, a veterinarian must sign off on every dog's pedigree. For mixed breeds, the co-op board may ask that the pet take a DNA test. If a dog is made up of 50 percent or more of the forbidden breed, they will not be allowed to live in the building. Outraged residents have been calling the "canine breedism" intrusive.

The long list of banned breeds is supposedly based on "documented information regarding their tendency towards aggressiveness," but it's unclear where the information was obtained. And it's not just the traditionally discriminated pups on the list. Besides Pit Bulls, the group also includes Shih Tzus, Pomeranians, Malteses, Basset Hounds, and Saint Bernards. 

The compilation of 27 outlawed breeds makes you wonder why the building even bothers to be "pet friendly" at all. It also highlights what's wrong with breed bans in the first place. Individual dogs in the hands of the irresponsible people are dangerous, not entire breeds. The co-op's new rule is terribly misguided. DNA tests are not going to make the building safer. I wish the co-op board would instead focus their time on figuring how to encourage and reward responsible pet ownership and not punish based on breed stereotypes. 

JoAnna Lou is a New York City-based researcher, writer and agility enthusiast.

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